In Japanese, "the Hosya" is a general term of the Japanese archery techniques on the ground (not on horseback).@In the Kamakura era, rules of main archery rites (the Ohmato-Shiki rite, Marumono and the Kusajishi-Shiki hunting performance) were completely regulated.
The Hikime archery ceremonies have 3 varieties: Tanjyo Hikime, Yagoshi-no-Hikime, and Harai-no-Hikime.
This section explains the full details of the ceremony and the reason why they should be conducted.
The Ohmato-Shiki as the most solemn rite, performed by the Samurai warriors was first carried out on the date of 2nd January in 1189 by the order of Yoritomo Minamoto, the general of the Kamakura shogun ate. This rite was treated as an opening ceremony of annual archery events, shortly afterwards the Ohmato-Shiki became a yearly event that was held on 4th January.
Ten archers tend to shoot arrows (2 arrows in a pair: first one is called "Haya", second one is called "Otoya") towards a target; ten times ten equals a hundred, it is the origin of this ceremony's name; in Japanese "Momote" means a hundred hands.
San-San-Ku Tebasami-Shiki
In the ancient times, this solemn archery ceremony was treated as an important part of an opening ceremony of annual archery events in the Samurai society. It was held only once a year.
This ritual archery ceremony was conducted to sanctify a good land in Japan and to celebrate a peace and prosperity of the nation; moreover, the Samurai warriors wished that they could improve their literary and military arts even better on this special occasion.
When the prominent general of the Kamakura shogun nate, Yoritomo Minamoto had held a wild deer hunting festival at the foot of the Mt. Fuji in May 1194, he was so depressed by bad results and unskilled hunting performances of his subordinates because of a lack of training.
He asked a wise advice of his elder subordinate, and then he devised a make-believe (stuffed) deer made of grass as a shooting target and forced his subordinates to shoot it from a certain distance by the rule as a part of effective archery training.
This occurrence is said to be the origin of the Kusajishi-Shiki.
Apart from the Japanese traditional archery ceremonies and rites introduced above, other ceremonies are still existed: the Marumono, the Kogushi-Kai and the Buri-Buri-Shiki.


Features of the Hosya items e.g. bows, arrows and shooting targets are varied with each rite and occasion.
This section fully describes the details of these items and difference between them.